How Does a Refrigerator Work?

If you are like the majority of homeowners you do not give much thought to the parts of a refrigerator until it shuts down, or unless it comes time to buy a new model. In order to get the most out of this invaluable appliance it can be very nice to understand exactly how it keeps food and drinks cold—and Esteem Appliance Repair is here to help.

Read below to find out everything you might need to understand about how refrigerators run, how it cools your food and if it is time to reach out to refrigerator repair.

Parts of a Refrigerator

There aren’t too many homes that do not have a refrigerator in the kitchen. It’s been a must-own appliance for a lot of years. A residential refrigerator can store food and drinks at the best temperature, to reduce spoilage and slow down the growth of harmful bacteria. The concept of refrigeration works by transferring the warmth from inside of the refrigerator to the exterior, relying on the principles of evaporation and condensation.

The components of your refrigerator are. For questions or service call Esteem Appliance Repair:


The refrigerator compressor is both a motor and pump, and it’s need for circulation of refrigerant dispensed in the cooling system.
The compressor is a very important part of a refrigerator. You should call a professional company if the compressor is broken.


The condenser is found on the rear exterior wall of the appliance and helps to emit the warmth built-up from inside the refrigerator then out in the air.


The refrigerator evaporator is housed on the inside of the refrigerator where absorbs the heat contained inside of it, effectively reducing the interior temperature.

Once the evaporator stops working, it’s time to hire a professional. You should not wait too long.

Expansion Device

Liquified coolant is directed through a capillary tube which serves as an expansion tool as it cools the gas inside, transforming it into a liquid.


A thermostat helps regulate the temperature inside the refrigerator, engaging the cooling period when appropriate.

A thermostat in a refrigerator is prone to malfunction. Troubleshoot and hire a contractor in CITY for service right when a problem happens.

How Does Refrigeration Work?

1. The moment the temperature inside a refrigerator rises above the set point sensors signal the refrigerator compressor to start, and then the cooling period starts. The refrigerator attracts the cool liquified refrigerant, then condenses and pressurizes the refrigerant, and increases the temperature, so it can turn into a gas form.

2. The compressor unit guides the warm gas in the direction of the condenser coils on the back of the unit, where it comes in contact with the lower air temperature in the room and returns to a liquid state.

3. The cooled refrigerant then continues its journey to the refrigerator evaporator, pushing through the many coils within the refrigerator and freezer compartment.

4. The liquid then absorbs the warm air from within the refrigerator, cooling the temperature until it has reached the desired final point.

5. The refrigerant then evaporates, and will turn back to a gas form, and then returns to the refrigerator compressor to then continue the cycle.

Refrigeration technology is used in quite a few applications and household appliances, including heat pumps, AC units, refrigerators and freezers. By extracting warmth from one area and then distributing it to somewhere else the continuous cycle of refrigeration aids in cooling your home, provides a perfect environment for food that is perishable, and helps with the manufacturing and storage of several different products and materials.

Need Refrigerator Repair?

Does your refrigerator need repair? Time to schedule repair with Esteem Appliance Repair.

Esteem Appliance Repair is able to repair nearly all common models of refrigerators – that includes commercial models, side-by-side and stand-alone.Our appliance repairmen in CITY complete training to repair and troubleshoot problems with cooling, ice makers, condensation issues, puddles and leaks, bulbs, touch panels, smart synchronization and countless other problems. We know all there is to know about refrigerator repair! Schedule now!